antonina wife of belisarius

John had made enemies both of the Empress and General Belisarius. "[16][17] Her precautions probably prevented the growth of algae. Moreover, his own wife Antonina proved to be disloyal and debauched, carrying on many affairs at court. Antonina tells the tale of Flavius Belisarius one of history's greatest generals, and of his strong and capable wife, the titillating Antonina; both their loves and lives, together and apart. For it so happened that certain other things too, as related by me previously, had occurred in the army which influenced him to this retreat. Said statement was supposedly send to leading monophysite bishops. At the moment they did him no harm, out of respect, I suppose, to the officers present, but led him away to another room at the command of Belisarius, and at a somewhat later time put him to death. Empress Theodora reportedly helped and saved Antonina when Belisarius tried to charge his wife at last. Lightman and Lightman (2007), p. 30. Count No Man Happy: A Byzantine Fantasy, Kastenellos' other novel set in the Byzantine Empire, about the reign and fantasies of the Emperor Constantine VI. ISBN. "[1][25] However Procopius gives a rather different account of events in another passage. Skip to main content.ca Hello, Sign in. [18], When Theodora discovered the whereabouts of the abducted Theodosius and returned him to Antonina, her intentions might not have been altruistic. Procopius mentions: "she [Theodora] realized that the girl would be the heiress, since Belisarius had no other offspring". [1][27][28], In Constantinople, Antonina allied with Theodora against John the Cappadocian, the Praetorian prefect of the East. And he in consternation stepped back, and by throwing his arms around Bessas, who was standing near, succeeded in escaping the blow. In 455, the Vandals pillaged Rome. Loomis, Louise Ropes (1916). The couple were reconciled on Theodora's order, though the empress still had to find the whereabouts of Theodosius. The affair "blossomed" in the Vandalic War and continued in the Gothic War. "And she [Theodora] forced Belisarius, quite against his will, to become reconciled with his wife Antonina. vol. They first met as teenagers when he was an innocent aristocrat, and she was a charioteer entertainer (i.e., a gymnast-dancer-prostitute). Dewing (1935), Secret History, Chapter 3. Procopius reports: "Belisarius left his wife and the barricaded camp to the infantry, and himself set forth with all the horsemen". ... "There the Empress made an exhibition before all mankind, shewing that she knew how to requite bloody favours with greater and more unholy gifts. A slave girl attempted to tell him. At length, when it was well on in the night, Belisarius, who had been fasting up to this time, was with difficulty compelled by his wife and those of his friends who were present to taste a very little bread. Procopius narrates "Antonina together with the commanders began at daybreak to consider means of transporting the cargoes. And the empress, hearing the whole account from Antonina, expressed approval of what she had planned, and by her exhortations raised her enthusiasm to a much higher pitch still. Dewing (1914), History of the Wars, Book 3, Chapter 20.1. "By no means," said Belisarius, "but to have them compel your bodyguard Maxentiolus, who forcibly carried away the daggers for you, to restore to the man what he took from him by violence." Procopius of Caesarea; Dewing, Henry Bronson (1935). His downfall in 541 seems to have been the result of an ongoing rivalry with both Theodora and Belisarius. It is while he is awaiting assassination that Antonina fully realizes the fullness of her love for the man who had always loved her and she intercedes with the empress to have Justinian restore him to command responsibility. Acquainted with magic drugs used by her parents before her, she learned how to use those of compelling qualities and became the wedded wife of Belisarius, after having already borne many children. It was probably a nudge from Theodora that brought Belisarius to Justinian’s attention. And on one occasion when she was present alone with her in her room she pretended to lament the fate which was upon her, saying that although Belisarius had made the Roman empire broader by a goodly measure than it had been before, and though he had brought two captive kings and so great an amount of wealth to Byzantium, he found Justinian ungrateful; and in other respects she slandered the government as not just. Antonina and Belisarius had even been godparents to a young man named Theodosius when he converted to the orthodox Catholic faith. [34] Procopius credits Antonina with his restoration to favor. . Antonina wife of Byzantine general Belisarius Antonina De Angelis beatified Italian nun Antonina Houbraken 18th,century Dutch draughtswoman (artist) known for her topographical drawings, landscapes, and portraits With a clear eyed understanding of Antonina's illicit behavior, he admires her strengths. She might have been part of the demimonde involved in the theater of her age. When, therefore, she had quit Byzantium and had reached the suburb (the one called Rufinianae which was the private possession of Belisarius), there John should come as if to salute her and to escort her forth on the journey, and they should confer regarding matters of state and give and receive their pledges. Antonina (en grec Ἀντωνίνα) est une patricienne byzantine et l'épouse du général Bélisaire.Il s'agit d'un personnage controversé que l'historien Paolo Cesaretti présente comme le « bras droit » de l'impératrice Théodora dans l'exercice du pouvoir [1].D'après son contemporain, l'historien Procope, elle disposait d'une grande influence sur son mari. [1][9][33], Belisarius fell out of favor in late 542–543, through unrelated causes. "Belisarius enjoyed an unequalled popularity. But she is also portrayed as the "steady supporter and helpmate" of Belisarius. Kastenellos sees it otherwise. ... "So the envoys of the barbarians went to Byzantium escorted by Romans, and Ildiger, the son-in-law of Antonina, came to Rome from Libya with not a few horsemen." In 533, the late Roman (or Byzantine) emperor Justinian I – who now ruled from Constantinople – sent his brilliant young general, Flavius Belisarius, against the Vandals. It is fictionalized only to the extent necessary to tell the tale of Antonina in the form of a novel. ( CC BY-SA 3.0 ) That was a position in the theatre reserved for performers less prestigious than the actors, such as acrobats, dancers, jugglers, etc. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. He must have known Antonina "intimately" and his position would allow him to chronicle the activities of both women. . Her actions constantly undermined and weakened Belisarius. Procopius fails to mention their names. Later offering his as a gift to Antonina, allowing the affair to continue. The term used for "theatre" in the primary source is "thymele" (Greek: θυμέλη), equivalent to the term orchestra (Greek: ορχήστρα). Kastenellos has assumed that today's readers have little knowledge of the political and religious disputes of the post-classical Roman world. He left there Antonina with the infantry. Cambridge University Press. University of Virginia. Mange ser på dette synet som einsidig, sidan Prokopios , who was emotionally dependent on his debauched wife, Antonina. But as for Procopius, when he reached Campania, he collected not fewer than five hundred soldiers there, loaded a great number of ships with grain, and held them in readiness. Antonina and Belisarius loved each other deeply as they did their godson, Theodosius. Count Belisarius purports to be a biography written by Eugenius, a eunuch who is a servant of Belisarius' wife Antonina. The key roles of this drama were the Empress Theodora and her amoral compatriot Antonina (c. 484-565), the wife of Belisarius. See Copying and Sharing ConceptNet for more details.Copying and Sharing ConceptNet for more details. But Antonina loved Theodosius too well. Antonina: [upon seeing how creatively the armorer interpreted her instructions] My tits are not that big. And with them he sent also his wife Antonina, commanding that she be sent with a few men to Naples, there to await in safety the fortune which would befall the Romans. In 429 AD, a Vandal Kingdom was founded on Roman territory in North Africa. vol. And while they were being delayed in this passage, as has been said, it so happened that the water of the whole fleet was spoiled, except that which Belisarius himself and his table-companions were drinking. "But the general in supreme command over all was Belisarius, and he had with him many notable men as spearmen and guards. John and Theodora competed for influence over Justinian and each brought forth accusations concerning their rival's activities. A rival, the grand chamberlain Narses, plots against the general. Photius had abducted the youth and hidden him. In a brutal age, he was noted for his humanity. "For in order that the man might not be alone and thus come to himself, and scorning her enchantments might come to think as he ought concerning her, she had taken care to travel all over the world with him." Breast Plate: Belisarius's wife, Antonina. . "[1][31][32], Antonina joined her husband in the Lazic War. He accordingly drew the dagger which hung by his thigh and suddenly thrust it at the belly of Belisarius. He writes "at great length" on her affair with Theodosius, a godson of Belisarius. The Gothic War, covering the period from the first Byzantine attacks in 535 AD until the fall of Ravenna in 540 and the recall of Belisarius. Martindale, Jones & Morris (1992), pp. Procopius alleges that she only did so to maintain her influence on the general. Justinian next chose Belisarius to begin the reconquest of the western Roman territories occupied by Germanic peoples . And Belisarius, being by now mastered by anger, enquired whether Constantinus did not think that he was subject to his orders. Belisarius had just defeated a major Persian invasion of the eastern frontier, now he quickly restored Africa to the empire. Dewing (1935), Secret History, Chapter 5.20. While sometimes giving more details about people than in the novel itself, these notes may seem unnecessarily extensive. Monophysitism disputed orthodox doctrine in the eastern empire and Arianism was the faith of the Barbarians who held the west. [13] The term "ἐγγονή" translates to "granddaughter", not daughter. He then went on to become a member of the Byzantine Senate. And though many men gathered about and commanded him with threats to let go his hold of the bridle, he did not let go until at last Belisarius promised to give him the daggers. When Theodora deprives Belisarius of his wealth and honors he is depressed beyond bearing. She arrived to find Theodora had already died. Now Euphemia was overjoyed by these words, for she too was hostile to the present administration by reason of her fear of the empress, and she said: "And yet, dearest friend, it is you and Belisarius who are to blame for this, seeing that, though you have opportunity, you are not willing to use your power." As for the barbarians, they sat in their camps and had no wish to hinder their enemy, either because they were terrified at the danger, or because they thought that the Romans would never by such means succeed in bringing in any provisions, and considered it contrary to their own interest, when a matter of no consequence was involved, to frustrate their hope of the armistice which Belisarius had already promised. In Kastenellos' opinion, "Antonina was less to be faulted than successful businessmen and gossips. However, like many powerful men before and after him, Belisarius’ one weakness had the sway to destroy men and ruin empires. Ifølge historikaren var Antonina utru mot Belisarius med den adopterte sonen deira, Theodosius. . "[1][33], Belisarius arrested Antonina, while Photius was saint to Ephesus against Theodosius. [1], Ioannina (or Joannina) was the only confirmed daughter of Belisarius and Antonina. Prokopios hevdar at forholdet var velkjend ved keisarhoffet og at generalen hadde eit omdøme som svak og låtteleg. Tenor Eusebio, custodian of the jail . Procopius of Caesarea; Dewing, Henry Bronson (1914). But they left a large number of Isaurians to guard the ships. Belisarius and Antonina were clearly in no position to argue. In 533, the late Roman (or Byzantine) emperor Justinian I – who now ruled from Constantinople – sent his brilliant young general, Flavius Belisarius, against the Vandals. And one of them smote Marcellus with his sword, not knowing who he was, and thus John was enabled to escape with them, and reached the city with all speed. This information, however, led him much more quickly to the decision. 484. For whereas Antonina had recently laid snares for one enemy for her, the Cappadocian, and had betrayed him, she herself delivered over to Antonina a host of men and brought about their destruction without even a charge having been brought against them. So after she had completed this transaction and felt a much greater confidence in the friendship of the Empress, she sent Theodosius to Ephesus and herself, foreseeing no obstacle, set out for the East." Antonina, the wife of General Belisarius, Justinian’s favored military commander, was a close friend of the Empress. Antonina and Giovannina, Belisarius' wife and daughter, detail from Theodora and her entourage, mosaic, south wall of the apse, Basilica of San Vitale , Ravenna, Emilia-Romagna . Dewing (1914), History of the Wars, Book 6, Chapter 4. The Gothic War, covering the period from the first Byzantine attacks in 535 AD until the fall of Ravenna in 540 and the recall of Belisarius. So these departed for this task. [18], Ἀντωνίνης τῆς Βελισαρίου γυναικός ἐγγονής. [18], Belisarius is portrayed as a devoted husband, Antonina as an unfaithful wife. Droit d'auteur: les textes sont disponibles sous licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions; d’autres conditions peuvent s’appliquer.Voyez les conditions d’utilisation … ... "For from the first he was so constrained by the misconduct of his wife that he had been quite unwilling to get to a region as distant as possible from Roman territory, in order that he might be able, as soon as he learned that the woman had come from Byzantium, to turn back and to catch and to punish her immediately. In the fictional early life of Antonina, she is widowed and survives two earthquakes and a fire which are known to have ravished the city of Antioch at that time. Procopius mentions: "At this time Belisarius, after subjugating Italy, came to Byzantium at the summons of the emperor with his wife Antonina, in order to march against the Persians". She accompanied her husband in campaigns and had a role in the operations, while also serving as the ruthless agent of Theodora. When he dies soon afterward, Antonina fulfills his last wishes and then enters a convent to prepare for her own death. Procopius alleges that she only did so to maintain her influence on the general. Back on Track With … Procopius of Caesarea; Dewing, Henry Bronson (1914). Martindale, Jones & Morris (1992), pp. Then turned her wrath on various "intimates" of Belisarius and Photius. . Belisarius was able to convince Photius to act as his own agent. Antonina and another former prostitute, Justinian's wife, the Empress Theodora, were two of the most formidable women of that or any age. Theodora took offense and had them both recalled at Constantinople to face her judgement. Only later chapters start targeting Theodora and Justinian. Antonina certainly served as the intermediary between Belisarius and Theodora in later stages. She acted as an agent of Theodora in a number of occasions. 2 likes. "There [Italy] she enjoyed to the full both the attentions of her lover and the simplicity of her husband and later on came to Byzantium in company with both of them." His Achilles’ heel was none other than his wife, Antonina. A less amiable side in the relations of the two women can be seen in the marriage of Ioannina and Anastasius. Ifølge historikaren var Antonina utru mot Belisarius med den adopterte sonen deira, Theodosius. And after they had loaded the boats with all the freight they could carry, they waited for a favouring wind and set sail toward Rome by the Tiber, and a portion of the army followed them along the right bank of the river to support them. But before Belisarius can set out on this seemingly impossible mission, he must prove his loyalty amid the ruins of a capital shattered by rebellion. "Now Belisarius made the request that he should receive back his proper office and, upon being designated General of the East, should again lead the Roman army against Chosroes and the Medes, but Antonina would have none of it; for she maintained that she had been insulted by him in those regions, and never would he again set eyes upon them." Procopius features her as dominating Belisarius. Moreover, his own wife Antonina proved to be disloyal and debauched, carrying on many affairs at court. Belisarius had reportedly gained much popular support following his return from the Gothic War and the Cappadocian perceived him as a rival favourite. Dewing (1914), History of the Wars, Book 6, Chapter 7.15. A number of later historians have accepted this. Dewing (1935), Secret History, Chapter 5.33. Theodora also compelled Belisarius, much against his inclination, to lay aside his quarrel with his wife Antonina. So these cast lots for them and divided them all up among themselves, arms and all, as each happened to win them. "And not long afterwards Belisarius, persuaded by his wife, killed Constantinus also. Which of Antonina's children was her parent is unrecorded. When Antonina learned the mind of John, she wished to lead him as far as possible astray from the understanding of the truth, so she said that for the present it was inadvisable that he should meet her, for fear lest some suspicion should arise strong enough to prevent proceedings; but she was intending straightway to depart for the East to join Belisarius. Flavius Belisarius (levde från omkring 505 till 565) var en bysantinsk general under kejsar Justinianus I.Belisarius var kejsarens främste militärstrateg och är en av de mest berömda militärerna genom tiderna. "In the seventh year of Justinian's reign, at about the spring equinox, the emperor comman… This Presidius had given offence to the Goths at the time when Vittigis was about to march against Rome, and so he set out with some few of his domestics ostensibly on a hunting expedition, and went into exile; he had communicated his plan to no one and took none of his property with him, except indeed that he himself carried two daggers, the scabbards of which happened to be adorned with much gold and precious stones. Put new text under old text. "History of the wars. Martindale, Jones & Morris (1992), pp. Dewing (1914), History of the Wars, Book 6, Chapter 8. Theodosius himself might have been a little scared of his lover. By treating this young woman kindly for several days Antonina succeeded most completely in winning her friendship, and she did not refuse to share her secrets with her. "When Belisarius had reached Roman territory, he found that his wife had arrived from Byzantium. This was the only unholy deed done by Belisarius, and it was in no way worthy of the character of the man; for he always shewed great gentleness in his treatment of all others. At least prior to the Vandalic War. He also mentions that her lover Theodosius returned with them. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. As fate would seem to have it, she meets and is befriended by an elderly senator whom it is hinted the imperial couple have requested return her to the capitol and to Belisarius. Her actions … On the following day, therefore, Belisarius called Constantinus and many of the commanders to an apartment in the palace, and after going over what had happened on the previous day urged him even at that late time to restore the daggers. About this time, meanwhile, Belisarius married the widowed Antonina, who, as an old friend to the empress Theodora, had influence at court that was later to be of great importance to him. "In the seventh year of Justinian's reign, at about the spring equinox, the emperor commanded the general's ship to anchor off the point which is before the royal palace. The key roles of this drama were the Empress Theodora and her amoral compatriot Antonina (c. 484-565), the wife of Belisarius. She filled with water jars made of glass and constructed a small room with planks in the hold of the ship where it was impossible for the sun to penetrate, and there she sank the jars in sand, and by this means the water remained unaffected. Fittingly, Belisarius and Justinian, whose sometimes strained partnership increased the size of the empire by 45%, died within a few weeks of one another in November of 565. Moreover, the Goths who were in Portus, though they could see their enemy constantly sailing by almost near enough to touch, made no move against them, but sat there wondering in amazement at the plan they had hit upon. The term "thymelic performers" was almost always used in a negative sense. They had married less than two years before the African campaign and Antonina had born a daughter. He was merciful as a conqueror, stern as a disciplinarian, enterprising and wary as a general; while his courage, loyalty and forbearance seem to have been almost unsullied. Whereupon he, counting all other things as of no importance, led his army back. Belisarius Lyric Tragedy in Three Parts byi Salvadore Cammarano Personaggi: Justinian, Eastern emperor . Antonina did manage a common law marriage or concubinage and was the mother of a daughter, Callista, and a son, Photius, who as a young officer would accompany her and Belisarius in Italy. Theodora had Belisarius thrown in prison and seized his property. Procopius of Caesarea; Dewing, Henry Bronson (1914). She succeeded in "making Silverius appear a pro-Gothic traitor" and implicated John "in a conspiracy to gain the throne". There, while John with unguarded tongue was assenting to the plans for the attack and binding himself with the most dread oaths, Narses and Marcellus suddenly set upon him. He defames nearly everyone else. The road on on one side of the Tiber was held by the Goths, the other was too narrow and "altogether unused". We have little or no information on the early life of Antonina. In addition, Belisarius married Antonina, a friend of Empress Theodora. Tenor Eudora, friend of Irene . Try. 1, Books I-II". Dewing (1935), Secret History, Chapter 2. The biography of Belisarius ends with his return to favor when Justinian must summon his greatest general to defeat a Bulgar army threatening Constantinople. Belisarius’s character is elusive. p. 29 Procopius reports: "But when Antonina, after the Empress' death, came to Byzantium, she purposely forgot the benefits which the Empress recently had conferred upon her, and paying no attention whatever to the fact that if the girl should marry anyone else, her previous record would be that of a prostitute, she spurned the alliance with the offspring of Theodora and forced the child, entirely against her will, to abandon her beloved. 1 ] [ 2 ], Procopius suggests that Bouzes continued to suffer from a eyesight! Samaritan Revolts ( 550s–570s ) on her affair with Theodosius, a friend of the Wars, Book 6 Chapter. Antonina: [ upon seeing how creatively the armorer interpreted her instructions ] My tits are not big. When suppressing the Samaritan Revolts ( 550s–570s ) granddaughter of Antonina, who was a close of. Works, is very easy to follow Book 2, Chapter 19.11 late,! 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