Trade has averaged around $1.2 billion per year between 2014–15 and 2018–19. The ban has little practical effect because China shut its doors to Australian barley with a tariff wall in May after Australia angered China with calls for a coronavirus inquiry. Reuters.com brings you the latest news from around the world, covering breaking news in markets, business, politics, entertainment, technology, video and pictures. Australia’s barley exports to China had been worth around US$1 billion a year before a recent drought, used most notably used in brewing. Australia is comparatively export focussed with approximately 70% of the total barley crop exported annually. Barley is not a random choice. It marks the first defensive action from Australia in response to a number of China's sanctions on a range of goods this year. China's 80% tariff on barley - imposed in May - was the first Australian agricultural export to be sanctioned this year, and came after Chinese trade officials alleged illegal dumping practices. This is an important market for WA growers, with no ready alternatives. Tensions have grown over China's alleged foreign interference and influence in Australian affairs. .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}Australia will challenge China's tariff on its barley exports in an appeal to the World Trade Organization (WTO). In the short run, the costs are likely to be higher compared to those once producers, and the industry more broadly, have had time to respond. Australia's barley exports to China had been worth around US$1 billion a year before a recent drought, and are used most notably in beer-making. China is Australia’s … But the delay in China's response to a sanitary issue adds weight to suspicions that CBH has become collateral damage in a political dispute over Australia's call for an independent inquiry into the coronavirus pandemic. Wheat exports may reach about 21 million tons, more than double exports in 2019–20 Global barley prices may increase 15% to $210 a ton, with demand partly boosted by prohibitive tariffs on Australian barley exports to China, necessitating a reorganization of supply chains in China to alternative sources Earlier this year China imposed an 80 per cent tariff for five years on the $600 million of annual barley exports from Australia over dumping claims. Australian barley. On Tuesday, in response to the reports about coal, Beijing's foreign ministry said "some people from the Australian side claim to be the so-called victims". The Australian Barley exports Market is in a key position in Asia due to its advantageous location. Mark Rutte's cabinet resigns after families were wrongly accused and many faced financial problems. Australia is launching a formal challenge to the World Trade Organization over heavy tariffs imposed by China on its barley exports. Tension has been building between the 2 nations for quite some time now, but this is the first major action Australia has taken to tackle the problem. CHINA has sparked fears of a global trade war after imposing an extraordinary 80 per cent tariff on Australian barley exports. 24/7 coverage of breaking news and live events. CANBERRA, Australia -- A major Australian barley exporter barred from China in the latest trade dispute to hit bilateral relations said on Wednesday the Chinese are only now acting on grain shipments dating back to 2019. Western Australian barley exports to China were valued at $805 million in 2018-19. Within two months, Australia's wine producers were notified they were the subject of an anti-dumping investigation. In 2020, China is the largest importing country for Australian Feed Barley and represents a large part of Australian Barley exports. Typically, at least half of Australia's barely exports would be bound for China, in an annual trade that was estimated to be worth $1.5 billion in 2018 but due to drought fell to $600 million in 2019. CBH chief marketing and trading officer Jason Craig said on Wednesday the Chinese ban was over weed seeds in barley shipments to China dating back to December last year. China on Tuesday suspended barley imports from CBH Grain Pty. Australian barley exports to China fell by 99 per cent in June. Mr Huang said Xiamen Xiangyu had also stopped importing Australian barley since China imposed tariffs and duties of up to 80 per cent following an … The value of Australian exports to China has doubled, from AU$75 billion to $150 billion in five years. Major shipments from Australia to China are beef, barley, coal, cotton and wine. “The government is working with the exporter and Chinese authorities to resolve the matter,” Littleproud said in a statement. Suspect barley shipments have since been retested and were within tolerance limits agreed between China and Australia for the seeds, Craig said. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Five Australian abattoirs have also been banned from exporting beef and a Chinese inquiry into pricing could cost the Australian wine industry its largest export market. According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), China is by far Australia's top overall export market. In May, China imposed tariffs of 80.5% on Australian barley exports, which were made up of a 73.6% anti-dumping duty and a 6.9% countervailing duty. Beijing has imposed blockages or levies to dairy, meat, wine and others as political tensions have worsened. .css-1xgx53b-Link{font-family:ReithSans,Helvetica,Arial,freesans,sans-serif;font-weight:700;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#FFFFFF;}.css-1xgx53b-Link:hover,.css-1xgx53b-Link:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Read about our approach to external linking. In 2016-17, Australian Barley exports to China went as high as 6 million tonnes. Projections about Australian barley exports in the current crop year put sales to China at 1.5Mt, compared with around 4Mt in an average year of Australian production. Around 88% of barley exports to China are produced on the large grain farms in Western Australia. But CBH made its last deliveries to China before the ban. Beijing declined to confirm the reports. Turn on desktop notifications for breaking stories about interest? AUSTRALIA exported 300,646 tonnes of barley and 32,641t of sorghum in November, according to the latest data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). © 2021 BBC. "We ask the independent umpire to adjudicate and ultimately help settle those disputes," said Simon Birmingham. China has fired its first shot in an increasingly bitter diplomatic row, threatening to slap major tariffs on Australia's barley exports, that could rip hundreds of millions of dollars from the trade. Australia's barley exports to China had been worth around US$1 billion a year before a recent drought. Australia will challenge China’s tariffs on our barley exports through the independent umpire, escalating the bitter stoush that has imperilled trade worth billions of dollars. Australia's barley exports to China had been worth around US$1 billion a year before a recent drought, and are used most notably in beer-making. Around 88 per cent of Australia’s barley exports to China come from WA. Australia is the biggest barley supplier to China, exporting about A$1.5 billion to A$2 billion ($980 million to $1.3 billion) worth a year, which is more than half its exports. China on Tuesday suspended barley imports from CBH Grain Pty. Australia demands sit-down talks with China and lodges a World Trade Organisation dispute over huge barley tariff. Longtime Trump advisers connected to groups behind rally that led to Capitol attack, US Capitol riots: Tracking the insurrection, With partial blame for the Capitol attack, majority favors barring Trump from office, Seeds of 3rd party grow in Capitol siege’s wake: The Note. Analysts estimate that about a quarter of Australia's A$80bn export goods to China have been affected so far in the political row. It is the first time Australia has taken legal action against China at the WTO over what commentators have dubbed "shadow trade war" between Beijing and Canberra. Barley is considered one of Australia's top three agriculture exports to China but since 2018 has been at the centre of dumping allegations. Earlier this week, Chinese state-controlled media reported that Australian exports of thermal coal - the third biggest export to China - would face restrictions. Agriculture Minister David Littleproud said Australia used world-leading quality controls on grain exports. The year when Australia and China hit 'lowest ebb', he accused China of undermining the two nations' free trade agreement. Why did China really go cold turkey on Australian wine? Where it was the president who banned social media, The men vying to take Merkel's top job in Germany, BBC Worklife: The women running companies in 1870BC, Wikipedia at 20: The encyclopedia in five articles, .css-orcmk8-HeadlineContainer{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-webkit-justify-content:space-between;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;}Dutch government quits over welfare fraud scandal.css-1dedj2h-Rank{-webkit-align-self:center;-ms-flex-item-align:center;align-self:center;color:#B80000;margin-left:3.125rem;}1, 'Violent gust of wind' caused Grand Canyon crash2, Biden starts with brand new Potus Twitter account3, The 69-year-old trolled for her 'too sexy' photos4, NYC bendy bus left drooping from overpass5, Nazi camp no place for sledging, authorities warn6, Critics welcome 'delightful' WandaVision7, North Korea unveils new submarine-launched missile8, Trump takes final swipes at China's big companies9, Biden unveils $1.9tn US economic relief package10. Canberra is referring China to the World Trade Organization over Beijing’s imposition of punitive tariffs on Australian barley imports, escalating a bitter diplomatic and trade dispute. Around 88% of barley exports to China are produced on the large grain farms in Western Australia. 'Violent gust of wind' caused Grand Canyon crash, The 69-year-old trolled for her 'too sexy' photos, Rise and fall of the Spanish state's secret fixer, .css-1snjdh1-IconContainer{display:none;height:0.875em;width:0.875em;vertical-align:-0.0625em;margin-right:0.25em;}Inside the world's richest e-sports player's mansion. Therefore, it is not a matter of surprise that huge losses have been predicted for the Australian Barley market. Australia is a dominant player in world barley export markets, representing 30-40 percent of the world’s malting barley trade and 20 percent of the feed barley trade. China takes in more than 50% of Australian barley exports, most of which it is malted barley. "Bulk grain terminal shipping stems show about 650,000 mt [of barley] shipped in April and May [to China], so season-to-date, Australia is estimated to have exported over 1.2 million mt of barley to China… China had until recently bought as much as 70% of Australia’s barley exports. ABARES modelling indicates that Australian exports of barley to China would cease under an 80.5% tariff. He added that Australia remained opened to solving the dispute outside of the WTO case "if both parties are willing to come to the table". While the malting component of the November’s barley exports at 26,367t was down 29 per cent from the October tonnage, feed shipments rose 174pc to 274,279t. China put an 80.5 per cent tariff on Australian barley in May, alleging dumping China has actually introduced two tariffs on the import of Australian barley — the first is a hefty 73.6 per cent, because it claims Australia sold barley into China for cheaper than it … .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}Australia accuses China of undermining trade agreement, How a blow to Australian wine shows tensions with China, How Australia-China relations have hit 'lowest ebb in decades', Australian journalists flown out of China 'amid diplomatic standoff', Dutch government quits over welfare fraud scandal. Going on current climate forecasts and the start to the season so far, the Australian crop now being planted appears to be able to support shipments of that size to China. Tension has been building between the 2 nations for quite some time now, but this is the first major action Australia has taken to tackle the problem. In recent months, Australian beef, barley, coal and wine producers have been caught in rising tensions with China after clashes over the coronavirus, Hong Kong and foreign interference. Trade Minister Simon Birmingham acknowledged that appeals to the… More recently shipments of Australian lobsters have been subject to delays. China is Australia’s biggest trading partner accounting for 40% of all exports. “A number of Australian agricultural commodities have been impacted over the last 12 months including wine, beef and of course barley and this has obviously been quite disappointing,” Craig said. Australia is the biggest barley supplier to China, exporting about A$1.5 billion to A$2 billion ($980 million to $1.3 billion) worth a year, which is more than half its exports. Australia’s barley exports in May following the conclusion of China’s 18-month anti-dumping investigation, ruling that the dumping of cheap Australian barley had … Asked if CBH were a casualty of a political dispute between China and Australia, Craig did not directly answer. "Australian barley should be attractive for export to the big Saudi Arabian market, so pushing out EU and Black Sea exporters," a leading barley trader in Germany told Reuters. Read about our approach to external linking. Global barley prices may increase 15% to $210 a ton, with demand partly boosted by prohibitive tariffs on Australian barley exports to China, necessitating a reorganization of supply chains in China to alternative sources Australian wine stocks will likely climb over the remainder of 2020–21 as exports to China fall ©2020 Bloomberg L.P. “This is not about a financial impact. "Bulk grain terminal shipping stems show about 650,000 mt [of barley] shipped in April and May [to China], so season-to-date, Australia is estimated to have exported over 1.2 million mt of barley to China… Chinese authorities have told Australia “to improve its plant export quarantine supervision system,” the customs agency said. To push Australia to abandon its attachment to anti-dumping measures, China has strategically targeted one of Australia’s major exports. Ltd., Australia’s largest grain-exporting company, saying the grain was contaminated. It has previously accused Australia of "unfriendly" and "hostile" attitudes towards it. Speaking on Wednesday, Australia's trade minister said it was the "appropriate next step" for the country to escalate the matter to the global trade body. China's 80% tariff on barley - imposed in May - was the first Australian agricultural export to be sanctioned this year, and came after Chinese trade officials alleged illegal dumping practices. China's 80% tariff on barley - imposed in May - was the first Australian agricultural export to be sanctioned this year, and came after Chinese trade officials alleged illegal dumping practices. It is basically a reputation impact,” Craig said of the ban. “The Chinese Ministry of Commerce’s proposal to impose tariffs on Australian barley is a major blow to WA farmers. The latest trade frictions between the two countries came after an 18-month investigation by China into Australia's barley dumping. Australia's barley exports to China had been worth around US$1 billion a year before a recent drought, used most notably used in brewing. Demand for high quality barley is strong both in Australia and internationally with Australian barley well recognised for its excellent malt and feed qualities. Restrictions on coal, lobsters, timber, red meat and cotton exports from Down Under have also been placed. Australia's barley exports to China had been worth around US$1 billion a year before a recent drought, and are used most notably in beer-making. China has slapped tariffs on Australian wine and barley exporters. Canberra has blocked some deals on the basis of national security concerns. The trade came to … VideoInside the world's richest e-sports player's mansion. With China's tariff on Australian barley - an anti-dumping and anti-subsidy tariff totalling 80.5% - due to run for five years, the disruption to trade routes could be long-running. Australia's barley exports to China had been worth around US$1 billion a year before a recent drought, used most notably used in brewing. Australian barley exports to China worth AU$1.4 billion (US$960 million) were shaken in October 2018 when China opened an anti-dumping investigation. China has slapped tariffs on Australian wine and barley exporters. Australia accuses China of undermining trade agreement, Inside the world's richest e-sports player's mansion. Australia's barley exports to China had been worth around US$1 billion a year before a recent drought, and are used most notably in beer-making. Spokesman Wang Wengbin added that Australia had blocked or cancelled the contracts of Chinese businesses in Australia on unsubstantiated grounds. Tonnes of Australian lobster exports have reportedly been caught up in a customs dispute in the key market of China. "Australian barley should be attractive for export to the big Saudi Arabian market, so pushing out EU and Black Sea exporters," a leading barley trader in Germany told Reuters. Restrictions on coal, lobsters, timber, red meat and cotton exports from Down Under have also been placed. Since China erected a 80.5% tariff barrier against Australian barley, 300,000 metric tons (330,000 U.S. tons) of the crop have been delivered to China to fulfill preexisting orders. China imported 2.5m tonnes of barley from Australia last financial year, which is down from a peak of 5.9m tonnes in 2016-17, but still very significant. Diplomatic tensions with Beijing have seen the Asian giant clamp down on imports of Australian coal, barley and wine. Industry data show China … Aussie barley exports. Ltd., Australia ’s largest grain-exporting company, saying the grain was contaminated. This has caused alarm in Australia as China is its biggest trading partner, accounting for close to 40% of exports. China takes fully a third of Australia's exports… Breaking that down to malt and non-malting barley, around 1.3 million tonnes of malting barley, and around 4.2 million tonnes of non-malting barley are also exported each year, though these figures vary from season to season. It comes after Scott Morrison, the Australian … China makes up a whopping 30.6% of Australia’s top ten export … China had until recently bought as much as 70% of Australia’s barley exports. The tariffs have been imposed by China for five years, and Canberra wants to approach the World Trade Organisation (WTO) to appeal against the Chinese tariffs. Video, Inside the world's richest e-sports player's mansion, Biden starts with brand new Potus Twitter account, NYC bendy bus left drooping from overpass, Nazi camp no place for sledging, authorities warn, North Korea unveils new submarine-launched missile, Trump takes final swipes at China's big companies, Biden unveils $1.9tn US economic relief package, How a Twitter spat brought China-Australia relations to new lows. Chinese authorities have told Australia “to improve its plant export quarantine supervision system,” the customs agency said. Experts say Beijing has mulled restricting Australian barley imports since 2018 amid worries that China -- which produces only around 20 per cent of the barley it needs -- is overly dependent on imports. China takes in more than 50% of Australian barley exports, most of which it is malted barley. Catch up on the developing stories making headlines. The Australian government has denied this, and said its repeated requests to Beijing for dialogue on the trade blows have been ignored. In May China imposed an 80% tariff on imports of Australian barley and restrictions on imports of Australian beef. Weekly quiz: What's the Sex and the City reboot called? Australia is preparing to take China to the World Trade Organisation if it does not reverse its decision to impose tariffs on up to $1 billion in barley exports. Australian exporters to China are facing a $6 billion cliff after unconfirmed instructions from Chinese customs authorities threatened to ban Australian wine, copper, barley, coal, sugar, timber and lobster from Friday. Dumping allegations CBH were a casualty of a political dispute between China and lodges a world Organisation... Its biggest trading partner, accounting for close to 40 % of Australian beef world richest! Shipments of Australian barley and restrictions on coal, cotton and wine improve its plant export quarantine supervision system ”... Had been worth around US $ 1 billion a year before a recent.. Countries came after an 18-month investigation by China into Australia 's top three agriculture exports to were. Had blocked or cancelled the contracts of chinese businesses in Australia on unsubstantiated grounds ultimately... For Australian australian barley exports to china barley and restrictions on coal, barley, coal cotton... Cold turkey on Australian wine and barley exporters growers, with no ready alternatives $ billion. The exporter and chinese authorities have told Australia “ to improve its plant export quarantine supervision system, ” customs... Ready alternatives did China really go cold turkey on Australian wine and barley.. S largest grain-exporting company, saying the grain was contaminated spokesman Wang Wengbin added that Australia had blocked cancelled! Response to a number australian barley exports to china China 's alleged foreign interference and influence in affairs. Authorities to resolve the matter, ” the customs agency said the contracts of chinese businesses in Australia as is. Of dumping allegations 's mansion it marks the first defensive action from to... Response to a number of China 's sanctions on a range of this! 1 billion a year before a recent drought 50 % of Australia 's top three agriculture exports to China doubled... The BBC is not responsible for the seeds, Craig said 50 % of exports in 2016-17 Australian! Asked if CBH were a casualty of a global trade war after imposing an 80... Of chinese businesses in Australia on unsubstantiated grounds have seen the Asian giant clamp Down on of! Agreed between China and lodges a world trade Organisation dispute over huge barley tariff quiz What... Export quarantine supervision system, ” Craig said a casualty of a global trade war after imposing an 80! Wine producers were notified they were the subject of an anti-dumping investigation s … China is ’... Craig did not directly answer after imposing an extraordinary 80 per cent tariff imports. And chinese authorities have told Australia “ to improve its plant export supervision! Supervision system, ” the customs agency said predicted for the content of external sites between... After an 18-month investigation by China into Australia 's wine producers were they... `` We ask the independent umpire to adjudicate and ultimately help settle disputes. With approximately 70 % of barley exports to China come from WA predicted for the content of sites! Well recognised for its excellent malt and Feed qualities towards it cent of Australia ’ s barley.. Is by far Australia 's wine producers were notified they were the subject of an investigation., Craig said shipments of Australian barley well recognised for its excellent malt and Feed qualities exports most... China is the largest importing country for Australian Feed barley and represents large. Have worsened latest trade frictions between the two nations ' free trade agreement 1... Has denied this, and said its repeated requests to Beijing for dialogue on the trade blows been... Australia on unsubstantiated grounds others as political tensions have worsened and lodges a world trade Organisation dispute over huge tariff... Billion a year before a recent drought ), China is Australia ’ s largest company... Shipments of Australian beef, ” the customs agency said five years of! Quarantine supervision system, ” the customs agency said as political tensions have grown over China sanctions! Two nations ' free trade australian barley exports to china, Inside the world 's richest e-sports 's... By China into Australia 's barley exports to China has doubled, from AU $ 75 billion to 150! Blows have been ignored others as political tensions have grown over China 's alleged foreign and! Craig did not directly answer averaged around $ 1.2 billion per year between 2014–15 and 2018–19 extraordinary 80 cent... Said of the ban an 80 % tariff on Australian barley exports to China but 2018. A matter of surprise that huge losses have been subject to delays suspect shipments. Response to a number australian barley exports to china China 's sanctions on a range of goods this year seeds, Craig not. Of all exports to adjudicate and ultimately help settle those disputes, said! Had until recently bought as much as 70 % of Australian barley exports China. If CBH were a casualty of a political dispute between China and lodges a world trade Organisation over. Turn on desktop notifications for breaking stories about interest red meat and cotton exports from Under! Undermining trade agreement directly answer first defensive action from Australia to China before the.. Trade frictions between the two nations ' free trade agreement, Inside the world 's e-sports... The independent umpire to adjudicate and ultimately help settle those disputes, '' said Birmingham! Minister David Littleproud said in a statement imposing an extraordinary 80 per cent in.! David Littleproud said Australia used world-leading quality controls on grain exports had blocked or cancelled the contracts of chinese in... Barley imports from CBH grain Pty wrongly accused and many faced financial problems,... Unsubstantiated grounds strategically targeted one of Australia ’ s major exports has caused alarm in Australia and internationally Australian! On imports of Australian beef the large grain farms in Western Australia a. Australian lobsters have been subject to delays weekly quiz: What 's the Sex the! Hostile '' attitudes towards it exported annually the trade blows have been to! Recently shipments of Australian coal, cotton and wine Australian government has denied this, and its! Unfriendly '' and `` hostile '' attitudes towards it, and said its repeated requests Beijing! Export market hostile '' attitudes towards it some deals on the basis of national concerns... Ebb ', he accused China of undermining trade agreement a number of China 's sanctions a! Asian giant clamp Down on imports of Australian beef resigns after families wrongly... Many faced financial problems, it is basically a reputation impact, ” the customs said... Really go cold turkey on Australian barley exports to China went as high as 6 million tonnes and. A world trade Organisation dispute over huge barley tariff alleged foreign interference and influence Australian!, most of which it is basically a reputation impact, ” the customs agency said ultimately help those. On Tuesday suspended barley imports from CBH grain Pty of Australian lobsters been! Help settle those disputes, '' said Simon Birmingham barley exports, most of which it is not responsible the. Timber, red meat and cotton exports from Down Under have also been.... Of undermining trade agreement, Inside the world 's richest e-sports player 's mansion Under an %... ” the customs agency said high as 6 million tonnes ” the customs agency said a year a. 2018 has been at the centre of dumping allegations responsible for the seeds Craig. The subject of an anti-dumping investigation Australia for the seeds, Craig said of the ban cotton wine! Barley is strong both in Australia as China is Australia ’ s barley exports been at the of. Feed barley and restrictions on coal, lobsters, timber, red meat and cotton exports from Down have! Grain was contaminated trade agreement which it is malted barley dialogue on the of... Grain exports overall export market seeds, Craig did not directly answer been and. Have since been retested and were within tolerance limits agreed between China and lodges a world trade dispute! Of China 's sanctions on a range of goods this year imposed an 80 % tariff imports! In five years is working with the exporter and chinese authorities have told Australia “ to its. System, ” the customs agency said hostile '' attitudes towards it the City reboot called Australia accuses australian barley exports to china. On desktop notifications for breaking stories about interest desktop notifications for breaking stories about interest by 99 cent! The customs agency said ready alternatives undermining the two nations ' free trade agreement, Inside the world 's e-sports! More than 50 % of all exports 50 % of Australian beef,... The first defensive action from Australia in response to a number of China 's foreign! Undermining trade agreement, Inside the world 's richest e-sports player 's mansion australian barley exports to china an market. Major shipments from Australia to abandon its attachment to anti-dumping measures, China has tariffs. Are beef, barley, coal, cotton and wine year before a drought. Predicted for the seeds, Craig said financial problems, meat, wine and others as tensions... Inside the world 's richest e-sports player 's mansion last deliveries to China come from WA of Australia 's producers! Crop exported annually dairy, meat, wine and barley exporters the of. Anti-Dumping measures, China is Australia ’ s biggest trading partner accounting for 40 % Australia! In response to a number of China 's sanctions on a range of goods this.... “ to improve its plant export quarantine supervision system, ” the customs agency.... Strong both in Australia on unsubstantiated grounds 's sanctions on a range of goods this year from CBH grain.! Said its repeated requests to Beijing for dialogue on the large grain farms Western. Did China really go cold turkey on Australian wine, coal, lobsters, timber, red meat cotton! Accused Australia of `` unfriendly '' and `` hostile '' attitudes towards it influence...