The National Development and Reform Commission has formally approved Chengdu's proposed establishment of a national bio-industry base there. The Golden Sun Bird was excavated by archaeologists from the Jinsha Ruins on 25 February 2001. This site is where the city's first Methodist church and hospital were built. It has become one of the five largest convention and exhibition cities in China. Museums in Anren have a rich collection of more of than 8 million pieces of relics and artifacts. These places are best for history museums in Chengdu: Du Fu Cottage; Jinsha Site Museum; Wuhou Memorial Temple; Chengdu Museum New Building; The Royal Tomb of Wang Jian; See more history museums in Chengdu … The wars in late Ming (1368 - 1644 AD) and early Qing (1644 - 1911 AD) made Chengdu a chaotic place and declined, but recovered soon after large-scale immigration. History of Chengdu Archaeological discoveries at the Sanxingdui and Jinsha sites have established that the area surrounding Chengdu was inhabited over four thousand years ago. Common side dishes popular in Chengdu include noodles, wontons, dumplings, pastries, tangyuan (sweet rice balls), drinks, salads and soups. Almost everyone plays Mahjong with money. Following the Columbian Exchange, the Chengdu Plain became one of China's principal sources of tobacco. They brought with them into Sichuan business people, workers, and academics who founded many of the industries and cultural institutions which continue to make Chengdu an important cultural and commercial production center. The Song conquered the city in 965 and used it for the introduction of the first widely used paper money in the world. Stevenson, John. It is the first express cargo train linking China and Europe, taking 12 days to complete the full journey. It was the capital of Liu Bei's Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms Era, as well as several other local kingdoms during the Middle Ages. [48], During the Chinese Civil War, Chengdu was the last city on the Chinese mainland to be held by the Kuomintang. The English professional football club, Sheffield United F.C., took over the club on 11 December 2005. The Chinese government is aiming to increase that by 15 percent every year. [51], In 2019, Chengdu overtook Shenzhen, China's technology hub, as the best-performing Chinese economy. Allegedly the Mongols called for the death of a million people in the city but the city's population had less than 30,000 residents (not Chengdu prefecture). China Defensive Campaign 1942-1945. Chengdu is located at the western edge of the Sichuan Basin and sits on the Chengdu Plain; the dominating terrain is plains. [53] The city of Chengdu is already known for its focus on quality of life, which includes affordable housing, good public schools, trees and bike lanes. Prefecture-level & Sub-provincial city in Sichuan, People's Republic of China, Location of Chengdu City jurisdiction in Sichuan. Bus cards are available that permit free bus transfers for three hours. The Shrine highlights the Zhuge Liang Memorial Temple and the Hall of Liu Bei (founder of the Shu Han state), along with statues of other historical figures of Shu Han, as well as cultural relics like stone inscriptions and tablets. There are many major intercity bus stations in Chengdu, and they serve different destinations. During the Yuan dynasty, most of Sichuan's residents were deported to Hunan during the insurgency of the western ethnic tribes of western Sichuan. It is the only one of its kind in the world that's located in a metropolitan area. What’s more, some businessmen in adjacent provinces also became immigrants to Chengdu. Its advertisement was "Driving Volkswagen, Living in Jinxiu Garden.". The Chengdu Metro officially opened on 1 October 2010. It is one of the three most-populous cities in Western China, the other two being Chongqing and Xi'an. Shangqing Temple is noted for an evening phosphorescent glow locally referred to as "holy lights".